Viruses do not have organelles or a nucleus.
Viruses are genes wrapped in a protein envelope they do not have a nucleus like common eukaryotes or free coils of DNA like prokaryotes. Viruses do not have any specialized machinery to produce energy, grow, reproduce, or maintain homeostasis by themselves. This is why they take over host cells so they are able to use those specialized organelles to replicate and make new viral particles.
MCAT Official Prep (AAMC)
• Viruses do not have organelles or a nucleus.
• Viruses rely on their host cells to replicate and make new viral particles.
organelle: specialized subunit within a eukaryotic cell that has a specific function
nucleus: a membrane-bound organelle found in eukaryotic cells containing the majority of the cell’s genetic material
protein envelope: viruses have viral envelopes as their outer layer typically derived from portions of the host cell membranes
gene: sections of genetic material that code for proteins
eukaryotes: contain a nucleus that is enclosed by a plasma membrane.
prokaryotes: organisms whose cells do not contain a distinct nucleus, bounded by a nuclear envelope