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MCAT Content / Spatial Inequality MCAT Wiki / Residential Segregation

Residential Segregation

Topic: Spatial Inequality Mcat Wiki

Residential segregation is the separation of different groups in society in neighborhoods.

Residential segregation is an example of social inequality on the local scale and refers to the separation of demographic groups into different neighborhoods. This can be by race, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, income, and more. It is is a product of discrimination that exists in the private real estate market. It has led to less access to resources and opportunities by many marginalized racial groups and low-income individuals.

Segregation is important to study as it influences social interactions and also societal norms of groups within these communities. Groups that are isolated, like those who have been victims of residential segregation, often become politically and linguistically isolated and have lower quality access to healthcare and education.

Practice Questions


MCAT Official Prep (AAMC)

Practice Exam 1 P/S Section Passage 9 Question 52

Key Points

• Residential segregation is a measure of the distribution of a group or groups in a geographical area.

• Residential segregation can impact negatively a group’s political, educational and financial outcomes.

Key Words

Residential segregation: Refers to the separation of demographic groups into different neighborhoods.

Segregation: The practice in society of separating groups of people, such as on the basis of race, religion, or ethnicity.

Racial Segregation: The separation of humans into racial groups throughout aspects of daily life, sometimes enforced by law.

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