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MMI Interview: The Comprehensive Guide & Sample Questions

Written by Seza on Aug 7, 2023

MMI Interview: The Comprehensive Guide & Sample Questions

MMI, which stands for “Multiple Mini Interviews,” is a format used for the admissions process for medical schools, dental schools, and other healthcare-related programs. Contrary to what most people think, the MMI’s purpose is to evaluate a candidate’s non-academic skills, including communication skills, critical thinking, ethical reasoning, and problem-solving abilities.

In an MMI, applicants move through a number of short stations or scenarios where they encounter different interviewers or evaluators. In each station, the candidates are presented with a unique question, scenario, or task to which they have to respond in a specified time frame, usually around 6-8 minutes. Each station will vary from scenario-based questions to role-playing activities, ethical dilemmas, and team work exercises, to discussions on current healthcare topics.

Read more about what it is like to participate in MMIs.

What is the Purpose of the MMI?

The MMI aims to help evaluators better assess applicants’ interpersonal skills, professional qualities, and suitability for a particular program or profession. MMIs help candidates with the right attributes and competencies excel in their field of choice by allowing them to display their skill sets and interpersonal strengths in different situations. 

How is MMI different from traditional interview formats?

The MMI aims to provide a more holistic evaluation of a candidate’s skills and suitability for a particular profession, while traditional interviews typically focus on more general questions and may rely heavily on subjective impressions. Some of the traditional interview formats have limitations that might lead interviewers to rely heavily on subjective impressions and therefore be influenced by biases. But with the MMI, institutions can get more objective insight and a holistic understanding of each applicant’s abilities, resulting in enhanced overall fairness and reliability of the interview process.

In this article, we will explore the structure of the MMI, the skills that are assessed in MMIs, the best ways to prepare for an MMI, tips on how to succeed in MMIs, the most common mistakes to avoid in MMIs, and some sample questions for practice.


What is the structure and format of the MMI? 

Here’s a breakdown of the structure and format of the MMI interview:

  • Stations: 

MMIs usually consist of several stations, between 8 to 10, but depending on the institution, this number can vary. Each station works independently and assesses a certain attribute or skill. Communication, ethical decision-making, critical thinking, teamwork, problem-solving, and empathy are some of the areas that each station can cover.

  • Time Duration: 

Each station has a predetermined time limit of 6 to 8 minutes. The time limits are announced to candidates before the start of each station. Before starting each station, candidates are informed about the time limit.

  • Scenario or Question: 

Candidates are presented with a scenario or question in each station. They can be a written prompt, a short video, an ethical dilemma, a role-playing situation, or a problem to solve. The candidate is expected to respond to each scenario or question effectively within the allowed time frame.

  • Rotation: 

After a station is complete, a canditate will be from one station to another, identifies as a rotiation. Applicants are typically signalled at the end of the time for each station. Candidates keep rotating through stations until all are completed.

  • Interviewers/Evaluators: 

Each station has at least one interviewer or evaluator who facilitates the process. The interviewers could be faculty members, current students, practicing professionals, or community members associated with the institution. The number of interviewers at each station can vary.

  • Scoring and Evaluation: 

Each candidate’s performance is assessed by interviewers based on predetermined evaluation criteria. To guarantee consistency in the assessment process, interviewers use standardized scoring rubrics or guidelines. An overall assessment is made once the scores from all stations are curated. 

  • Variety of Scenarios: 

The MMI’s goal is to comprehensively evaluate a candidate’s interpersonal skills, problem-solving ability, communication, ethics, and other key attributes. The scenarios and questions are designed in a way to challenge candidates in different ways and evaluate these skills that are relevant to the program or profession they are applying to.

  • Objectivity and Fairness: 

By providing various opportunities for candidates to show their skills and abilities, the MMI format was designed to reduce interviewer bias and subjectivity. The standardized structure and scoring process helps guarantee fairness and consistency in evaluating all applicants.

What are the most common MMI question types?

In MMI, various question types are designed to assess different skills. Here are some of the most common MMI question types and tips on how to approach each one:

  • Ethical Dilemmas:

    • Approach: Listen carefully to the scenario and consider the ethical principles that may apply. Show empathy, respect for autonomy, and the ability to make well-reasoned decisions
    • Tip: Think about the potential consequences of each choice and explain the reasoning behind your decision. We suggest using “if” “then” statements to identify your understanding of the scenario, your assessment of all sides, and your final decision in navigating the ethical scenario. 
  • Role-Playing Scenarios:

    • Approach: Engage in the role-play as if you were in a real-life situation. Focus on effective communication, active listening, and adapting to the scenario’s context.
    • Tip: Show empathy, be open to feedback, and consider the perspectives of all parties involved. Reflect on experiences you’ve had in the past. This can serve as a baseline to help you understand how you would navigate these role-play scenarios. 
  • Problem-Solving Scenarios:

    • Approach: Analyze the problem logically, break it down into manageable steps, and propose practical solutions. Demonstrate critical thinking and creativity in finding solutions.
    • Tip: Clearly explain your thought process and consider each solution’s potential benefits and drawbacks. This is also a great space to incorporate the “if” “then” statements to identify your understanding of the scenario.
  • Communication Scenarios:

    • Approach: Clearly articulate your thoughts and ideas, actively listen to the interviewer’s prompts, and respond thoughtfully.
    • Tip: Maintain eye contact, speak confidently, and ask clarifying questions if needed to ensure effective communication.
  • Teamwork Scenarios:

    • Approach: Collaborate with others in the scenario, actively participate in group discussions, and contribute constructively.
    • Tip: Show respect for others’ opinions, be open to compromise, and use your ability to work effectively in a team.
  • Current Healthcare Topics:

    • Approach: Stay updated on recent healthcare issues, and be prepared to discuss them from multiple perspectives. Provide well-informed opinions while considering ethical and social implications.
    • Tip: Provide perspectives from both sides. Be respectful of differing viewpoints, support your arguments with evidence, and remain open to learning.
  • Personal Experience Questions:

    • Approach: Draw on your own experiences to answer questions about challenges you’ve faced, personal growth, and motivation for pursuing a healthcare profession.
    • Tip: Be authentic and provide specific examples that highlight your qualities and attributes relevant to the profession.
  • Decision-Making Scenarios:

    • Approach: Consider the available information, weigh the pros and cons, and demonstrate your ability to make informed decisions.
    • Tip: Articulate your reasoning clearly and confidently, and acknowledge any uncertainties or potential risks involved.


What are the key skills assessed in MMI?

Candidates are evaluated on a wide range of non-academic attributes during the Multiple Mini Interviews. These skills are crucial for success in their profession of choice, especially in fields related to healthcare. The key skills assessed in MMI include:

  • Communication Skills: 

Candidates’ ability to effectively convey ideas, actively listen, and show empathy towards others is evaluated during MMI. Applicants should be able to communicate clearly and respectfully with patients, colleagues, and others involved.

  • Critical Thinking: 

Critical thinking refers to assessing information, analyzing situations, and making well-reasoned decisions. Candidates must show their abilities to think critically and logically under pressure.

  • Problem-Solving: 

Identifying problems, developing creative solutions, and adapting strategies are among the crucial skills for candidates wanting to succeed in the medical field. MMI scenarios usually present candidates with complex issues that require thoughtful problem-solving.

  • Ethical Reasoning: 

The way applicants approach moral dilemmas and use their ethical decision-making abilities says a lot about their potential success. They should show integrity and flawless ethical judgment.

  • Empathy and Compassion: 

Some of the essential qualities of healthcare professionals are their capacity to understand and connect with others’ emotions and experiences. The MMI evaluates these skills as well as the others.  

  • Professionalism: 

The most important pillars of professionalism are respect, accountability, responsibility, and keeping ethical standards. The MMI is a good evaluation of these qualities in candidates.

  • Cultural Competence: 

Future healthcare professionals should be able to effectively work with patients from diverse backgrounds and be understanding and appreciating different cultures and beliefs. The MMIs are a good assessment of cultural competence in candidates.

  • Teamwork and Collaboration: 

Collaboration and contribution in teamwork and group activities are other skill sets that are assessed during the interviews. 

  • Time Management: 

MMI tests an applicant’s time management skills, as they are required to complete tasks within a certain time frame. 

  • Resilience and Adaptability: 

The ability to handle stress, adapt to changing situations and remain composed in stressful situations are other abilities candidates should demonstrate during MMIs.

  • Leadership Potential: 

During the MMIs, candidates are evaluated on their leadership potential. Those who take the initiative, demonstrate leadership skills and inspire others score higher in this part of the assessment.

  • Interpersonal Skills: 

Building and maintaining positive relationships with others, including patients, colleagues, and supervisors, shows whether a candidate has the interpersonal skills required for healthcare professionals.


How to prepare for the MMI?


How to prepare for the MMI?

Here are some tips on how to prepare for the MMI:

  • Understand the MMI Format: 

Understanding the MMI’s structure and format can help you find the best ways to prepare for the MMIs. Before your interview, it’s a good idea to research the institutions using this interview format and gather information about their specific MMI criteria and assessment goals.

  • Research Common MMI Scenarios: 

One of the best ways to prep for the MMIs is to search for common MMI scenarios and questions that have been used in previous interviews. Practice responding to these scenarios to become comfortable with the types of situations you might encounter during your interview.

  • Develop the Required Key Skills: 

Take a look at the key skills you need to ace the MMIs (check out the above section) and hone these skills. Take part in activities that promote teamwork, problem-solving, and cultural competence.

  • Practice with Mock Interviews: 

You can organize mock MMI sessions with your friends, peers, or family members. You can also look for MMI prep courses, workshops, or other resources that can help you practice under stimulated conditions, gain confidence and receive constructive feedback. 

  • Seek Feedback: 

Ask your interviewers about your performance after each mock interview session. For the next sessions, focus on areas needing more practice and improvement.

  • Time Management: 

Time management is one of the most crucial skills during the MMIs. Practice as much as possible to answer questions or scenarios within the allocated time limits to ensure you can deliver thoughtful responses efficiently.

  • Research Current Healthcare Topics: 

Stay informed about recent developments in healthcare and relevant trending ethical issues. MMI scenarios may include discussions on hot healthcare topics, and being up-to-date in these areas will give you an advantage.

  • Reflect on Personal Experiences: 

Think about your experiences, both academic and non-academic, and how they have shaped your skills and qualities. Be ready to draw on relevant experiences during the MMI.

  • Stay Calm and Confident: 

The MMI can be very stressful, but maintaining composure is essential. Practice relaxation and mindfulness techniques to stay calm and focused during your interview.

  • Practice Ethical Reasoning: 

The more you know about ethical principles and frameworks commonly used in healthcare, the better your performance on MMI will be. Think about the ways you can approach ethical dilemmas and show your sound ethical reasoning.

  • Dress Professionally: 

Last but not least, dress professionally for the MMI, as it is a way to show your respect for the interview process and the institution.

What are the most common mistakes to avoid in MMI?

What are the most common mistakes to avoid in MMI?

Here are some of the most common mistakes to avoid in the MMI:

  • Lack of Preparation: 

Lack of adequate preparation is one of the most significant mistakes when preparing for MMIs. If you don’t practice enough, your lack of preparation manifest through nervousness and lack of confidence during the actual interview. 

  • Overrehearsing: 

While prep is essential, memorizing answers can make you appear insincere. Try to focus on understanding key points and concepts rather than memorizing answers for each scenario.

  • Rushing Through Scenarios: 

Due to the limited time frame, candidates tend to rush through their responses at each station. This is another common MMI pitfall. Try to speak slowly and provide well-structured and thoughtful answers. 

  • Ignoring Ethical Considerations: 

Ethical scenarios are a part of the MMI, and interviewers assess your ethical reasoning skills. Avoid overlooking ethical principles or making decisions based on your biases. 

  • Neglecting to Listen: 

One of the most common mistakes candidates make during MMs is not actively listening to the interviewers and missing key instructions. Try to actively listen to the interviewer’s instructions and any additional information provided during the scenario. Paying attention to details will help you provide an appropriate response.

  • Overemphasis on Personal Achievements: 

Showcasing your strengths is essential, but try to avoid sounding arrogant or overly focused on your personal accomplishments. Instead, try to show (and not tell)  how your skills can benefit others.

  • Lack of Empathy: 

Empathy and compassion is a must for all healthcare professionals. You should show your ability to understand and connect with others’ emotions and experiences.

  • Disregarding Teamwork: 

In scenarios that involve teamwork or group activity, avoid dominating the discussions or dismissing other ideas or suggestions. You should show respect for other perspectives and collaborate with others.

  • Being Defensive: 

Avoid being defensive at all costs. During the interviews, you might face a challenging scenario or feedback from interviewers. Practice staying calm, composed, and respectful of different viewpoints.

  • Allowing Nervousness to Overwhelm: 

Being nervous is inevitable during the MMIs, but you shouldn’t let it overpower you and undermine your ability to perform your best. Try to practice relaxation techniques to manage your anxiety effectively. 

  • Not Admitting Uncertainty: 

When you’re unsure about your answer to a certain scenario, acknowledging uncertainty is okay. Instead of guessing, discussing your thought process or suggesting alternative approaches to the situation might be better. Discuss the pros and cons of each side of the scenario to help the interviewer understand your thought process and critical thinking abilitites. 

  • Disregarding Professionalism: 

The MMIs start as soon as you enter the interview premises. Be courteous and professional to everyone you encounter, as they may be involved in the evaluation process.

  • Ignoring Non-Verbal Communication: 

Paying attention to your body language, tone of voice, and eye contact is crucial. Body language and nonverbal cues significantly impact how your responses are perceived.

  • Insufficient Self-Reflection: 

The MMI often includes questions about your experiences and motivations. Avoid vague or superficial answers and provide insightful reflections on your journey.

You can check out our courses and free weekly live sessions and make an appointment with one of our professional advisors to discuss your case in more detail.


What are the best tips for success in MMI?

It’s essential to approach the MMI  with a well-prepared and confident mindset. Here are some of the best tips for success in the MMI:

  • Be Authentic and Genuine: 

Avoid giving scripted responses during the interview and be yourself. Stay sincere in your answers, and let your true qualities shine through.

  • Be Respectful: 

Be courteous and professional to everyone you encounter during the MMI. Interviewers may seek feedback from staff or other individuals involved in the process.

  • Use a Structured Approach: 

Try to give structured responses. Your responses should have a clear introduction, main points, and a conclusion. A structured response helps you deliver coherent and focused answers.

  • Stay within the Scope: 

Avoid going off-topic or discussing irrelevant matters. Address the scenario or question provided at each station. 

  • Engage with Interviewers: 

Remember that the MMI is a two-way process. interviewers are interested to get to know you better. Try to establish a rapport with interviewers and engage them in a conversation. You’ll leave a great impression.

What are the MMI interview day tips?

What are the MMI interview day tips?

Preparing for the MMIs can be challenging. However, on the day of the interview, you might face new challenges like staying calm, composed, and focused. Here are some of the best MMI interview day tips to help you make the most of the experience:

  • Arrive Early: 

It’s best if you plan to arrive at the interview location with plenty of time to spare. Arriving early can help you gather your thoughts, calm your nerves and avoid unnecessary stress.

  • Dress Professionally: 

Your appearance should be neat, clean, and appropriate for a formal setting. It shows your respect for all the involved parties, including the institution and the examiners.

  • Review Key Points: 

Review any key points or notes you’ve made during your preparation. Try to avoid cramming and stressing yourself with new information at this point.

  • Stay Hydrated and Nourished: 

Have a good breakfast or meal before the interview. Staying hydrated and nourished can be helpful in maintaining your energy levels and focusing throughout the interview.

  • Use the Washroom Beforehand: 

Visit the restroom before the MMI starts to avoid any discomfort during the interview process.

  • Listen Carefully: 

Pay close attention to the interviewers’ instructions at each station. Understanding the instructions is the first step to providing appropriate responses.

  • Take a Deep Breath: 

Before each station, take a moment to take a deep breath to calm yourself and compose your thoughts. This can be very helpful for reducing anxiety and keeping you focused.

  • Fully Understand Scenarios: 

Make sure you fully understand what is expected of you in each situation or scenario.

  • Stay Calm Under Pressure: 

Remember that one of the assessment criteria in MMI is how you handle pressure and challenging situations. Use some stress-relief techniques you have learned beforehand to help you stay calm and focused.

  • Focus on Each Station: 

You should approach each station as a new opportunity to show your skills and qualities. Try to put away any previous stations and give your best effort at each one.

  • Manage Time Wisely: 

Keep track of time during each station to ensure you appropriately allocate your responses. Only spend a little bit of time on any part of a scenario. 

  • Maintain Eye Contact: 

Maintain eye contact with the interviewers. This shows confidence and attentiveness.

  • Be Respectful to Interviewers: 

Show respect to the interviewers by actively listening to their questions and engaging in the conversation. Be receptive to their feedback.

  • Leave a Positive Impression: 

At the end of each station, thank the interviewers and then move on to the next. This way, you will leave a positive and lasting impression with your professionalism.

  • Stay True to Yourself: 

Give authentic and genuine responses. Show your unique qualities and strengths without trying to be someone you are not.

  • Reflect on Each Station: 

After each station, take a brief moment to shake off any anxiety and reflect on your performance. Use this reflection to make any necessary adjustments for future stations.


MMI Sample Questions and Scenarios

  • You enter the cafeteria at work. You sit down to eat with a group of male colleagues who are having a conversation about a female colleague of yours. The comments they make are not very professional and can be deemed rude and offensive. You feel very uncomfortable. What do you do? What do you say to your male colleagues? If this became a regular occurrence, even after you speaking to your colleagues, what other steps would you take to resolve the situation?


  • Due to the shortage of physicians in rural communities, it has been suggested that medical programs preferentially admit students who are willing to commit to a 2 or 3-year tenure in an under-served area upon graduation. Consider the broad implication of this policy for health and health care costs. For example, do you think the approach will be effective? At what expense?
  • You are a specialist who has just received lab results with regard to one of your patients. The results indicate that your patient, a single mother of two young boys, has been diagnosed with terminal cancer and that she will only have 4-6 months to live. There are not many treatment options aside from a few experimental procedures that are still under study. There are some alternative treatments available in Europe; however, they have not been validated by scientific studies in North America. What would you say to your patient once they are in the office? If an alternative treatment, without scientific evidence for its efficacy, existed for a terminal illness would you recommend it to a patient?


  • You are the director of a financially struggling hospital. You have been unable to generate enough revenues to implement some very important initiatives at the hospital and are at risk of inevitable service cuts, if more funding is not secured immediately. The only secure source of funds that is being offered is by a cigarette company. They are willing to provide your hospital with all the resources required in exchange for advertisement at your facility. What will you and should you do as the hospital director?



Mastering the Multiple Mini Interview (MMI) is not just about answering questions; it’s a journey of self-discovery and skill development. Applicants can approach the interview with confidence and poise by understanding the MMI format, preparing diligently, and honing essential attributes such as communication, critical thinking, and ethical reasoning. Embracing the diverse scenarios presented in the MMI, candidates have the opportunity to showcase their suitability for healthcare-related programs and professions. Remember, the MMI is more than a test of knowledge; it’s a comprehensive assessment of the qualities that make a well-rounded and empathetic healthcare professional. By leveraging the valuable insights and sample questions provided in this guide, aspiring applicants can navigate the MMI with competence and leave a lasting positive impression on interviewers. Armed with preparation, authenticity, and a genuine commitment to making a difference in the field of healthcare, candidates are well-equipped to excel in the MMI and take their first step toward a fulfilling and impactful career.

If you need any more help in your journey to becoming a healthcare professional, please visit Jack Westin’s website for more information. Don’t forget to check out our blog for more free and useful resources like this one. Best of luck!

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